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im体育:人民日报评体测争议:体能要补强,但不应成为比赛拦路虎

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On the evening of September 29, Beijing time, the Review Department of the "People's Daily" published an article "Physical fitness needs to be strengthened, but physical testing should not be a barrier to the competition", commenting on recent physical testing controversies caused by various sports.

北京时间9月29日晚,《人民日报》评论部发表文章“需要加强体质,但体能测试不应成为竞争的障碍”,评论了近期引起的体能测试争议通过各种运动。

It is gratifying for the athletes to set a new record in the preliminaries, but recently, this kind of surprise has changed a bit in the swimming pool. The competition rules of the National Swimming Championships that are being held in Qingdao stipulate that the top 16 athletes in the preliminaries must be ranked according to their physical fitness scores, and only the top 8 athletes in physical fitness can enter the final. As a result, Wang Jian Jiahe, who broke the Asian record for women's 1500m freestyle in the preliminary round, and Yu Hexin, who broke the national record for men's 50m freestyle, failed to go further. One stone stirred up a thousand waves, attracting attention and heated discussions from all parties.

运动员在预赛中创下新纪录是令人高兴的,但是最近,这种惊喜在游泳池中有所改变。青岛举行的全国游泳锦标赛的比赛规则规定,预赛中排名前16位的运动员必须根据其身体素质得分进行排名,只有前8位的运动员才能进入决赛。结果,在首轮比赛中打破了女子1500m自由泳亚洲纪录的王建佳和,以及在男子5000m风格自由泳全国纪录中打破的于和欣,就没有走得更远。一块石头激起了千波浪,​​引起了各方的关注和热烈的讨论。

For athletes, solid physical fitness is a prerequisite to ensure technical performance. In the Olympics, World Championships and other major competitions, intensive schedules and multi-shot competitions will cause huge physical energy consumption for athletes. If there is no sufficient physical reserve, it is easy to lose strength in the back course, deform in the final moments, and lose competition with top players. force. At the 2018 Hangzhou World Swimming Championships and the Gwangju World Swimming Championships last year, some Chinese athletes suffered from insufficient physical fitness in the second half of the race. They even felt strong after being out of the water, making it difficult to balance multiple events. Therefore, it is unquestionable to attach importance to physical fitness and strengthen physical fitness.

对于运动员来说,良好的身体素质是确保技术水平的前提。在奥林匹克运动会,世界锦标赛和其他主要比赛中,密集的赛程和多次比赛会给运动员带来巨大的体力消耗。如果没有足够的身体储备,则很容易在后排失去力量,在最后一刻变形,并失去与顶级选手的竞争。力。在去年的2018年杭州世界游泳锦标赛和光州世界游泳锦标赛上,一些中国运动员在比赛后半段遭受身体不足的困扰。他们出水后甚至感觉很坚强,很难平衡多个事件。因此,毫无疑问要重视身体素质,增强身体素质。

It should also be noted that there are obvious differences between different projects, with different specific physical requirements. It is understood that what the State Sports General Administration emphasizes is the lower "basic physical fitness." In a national team’s physical fitness test scoring standard released in February this year, it covered 10 items including BMI (body mass index), sitting forward bending, vertical jump, and 3000-meter running. The main basis for physical fitness tests in badminton and gymnastics.

还应该注意的是,不同的项目之间有明显的不同,具有不同的具体物理要求。据了解,国家体育总局强调的是较低的“基本身体素质”。在今年2月发布的国家队身体素质测试评分标准中,该标准涵盖了BMI(体重指数),坐姿向前弯曲,垂直跳跃和3000米跑步等10个项目。羽毛球和体操运动体能测试的主要依据。

From the perspective of strengthening physical fitness, it is imperative to promote weaker projects to make breakthroughs in projects that have been stagnant for many years. The improvement of basic physical fitness is also imperative. However, the physical fitness test results are linked to the promotion of the competition, and even some events are not better than the special events in the quarter-finals, which only compares the physical fitness, which also makes many sports fans call "cannot understand the competition." Take the National Swimming Championships as an example. If the athletes have the mentality of only swimming by one shot, they may be able to create results in the preliminary rounds, but they cannot detect the ability to fight continuously and cannot play the role of a simulation competition. The "side effects" brought about by this kind of game leverage cannot be ignored.

从增强身体适应性的角度出发,必须推进较弱的项目,以在多年停滞的项目中取得突破。基本身体素质的提高也势在必行。但是,体能测试的结果与比赛的进行有关,甚至有些赛事也没有四分之一决赛中的特殊项目好,后者仅是对体能的比较,这也使许多体育迷称呼“无法理解”。比赛。”以全国游泳锦标赛为例。如果运动员只有一次游泳的心态,他们也许能够在预赛中创造出成绩,但他们无法检测出连续战斗的能力,也无法扮演模拟比赛的角色。这种游戏杠杆带来的“副作用”不容忽视。

To speed up the building of a sports power, it is necessary to update sports concepts with the courage and wisdom of reform and innovation, learn from the beneficial experience of foreign countries, and inject new vitality and impetus into the development of sports in my country. The original intention of strengthening physical fitness is positively targeted, but the problems exposed at the specific operational level need to be treated with caution. How to ensure that the selection of physical fitness test items and the evaluation system are scientific and effective; how to make athletes and coaches' understanding of physical fitness run through the daily links of training requires the competent sports department and relevant experts to provide authoritative answers based on scientific argumentation To respond to public concerns.

为了加快体育强国的建设,必须以改革创新的勇气和智慧来更新体育观念,借鉴国外的有益经验,为我国体育发展注入新的活力和动力。 。加强身体健康的初衷是积极的目标,但是在特定操作级别暴露的问题需要谨慎对待。如何保证身体健康检测项目的选择和评价体系科学有效;如何通过训练的日常环节使运动员和教练了解身体健康,需要主管体育部门和有关专家根据科学论据提供权威性答案,以回应公众的关注。

At the same time, in the actual implementation process, how to strictly enforce standards and ensure fairness and justice also requires strengthening organizational management. The road to reform will inevitably have challenges of this kind. In the face of new problems in reform, timely research and judgment, scientific responses, and seeking truth from facts are needed to achieve stability and long-term progress.

同时,在实际执行过程中,如何严格执行标准,确保公平正义,还需要加强组织管理。改革之路将不可避免地面临此类挑战。面对改革中的新问题,需要及时的研究和判断,科学的回应以及从事实中寻求真相,以实现稳定和长期的进步。

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